Sep 2, 2013

Railways adds more bio-toilets for clean and hygienic journey



To fulfill its commitment of providing a hygienic environment to passengers, the Indian Railways have expedited the work of fitting bio-toilets in train coaches. In the first four months of the current year, the railways have fitted 2,285 bio-toilets, which is much more than the entire number of bio-toilets fitted in the past three years. At present, the Indian railways are running 1,400 coaches with 3,800 bio-toilets in its various trains. The railways have fitted 2,285 bio-toilets in passenger coaches from April'13 to July'13 while only 1,337 bio-toilets were fitted in 2012-13, 169 in 2011-12 and only 57 in 2010-11. The first train, Gwalior-Varanasi Bundelkhand Express, fitted with bio-toilets is running since January 2011.

Talking to TOI, chief public relations officer of NCR Sandeep Mathur said, "We are committed for providing hygienic condition in the trains and introducing the provision of bio-toilets in the coaches is a step in this direction. There are about 89 coaches in the NCR zone in which bio-toilets have been fitted and in the coming days bio-toilets will be installed in more coaches." He further added that bio-toilets prevent corrosion of tracks as human waste does not fall on tracks. After receiving an encouraging feedback from the passengers and the railway maintenance staff, the pace of work of fitting bio-toilets in the passenger coaches has been ramped up. In its endeavour to take all the necessary steps to keep station premises clean, Indian Railways is now manufacturing all new conventional passenger coaches fitted with bio-toilets. The bio-toilets are fitted below the coach floor underneath the lavatories and the human waste discharged into them is acted upon by a colony of anaerobic bacteria that convert human waste into water and small amount of gases (methane and CO2).

The gases escape into atmosphere and the waste is discharged on the tracks after chlorination. This way of disposing human waste is environment friendly and keeps the railway tracks cleaner as well improving the working conditions for the railway track staff. However, the railways also seek cooperation of passengers for the success of this project as disposing plastic bottles, paper cups, cloth rags, sanitary napkin, diapers, poly bags and 'gutka' pouches etc choke these toilets and makes them defunct.

This environment friendly, low cost and robust technology has been developed jointly by the Indian Railways and Defence Research & Development Organisation (DRDO) for railway passenger coaches and is the first of its kind to be introduced in railway systems in the world. The particular type of bacteria, which is used in this bio-toilet, has been carefully collected and analysed by DRDO from Antarctica and the efficiency of this system has been tested by DRDO in extreme climates and conditions like those at Siachen Glacier. The anaerobic bacteria used in these bio-toilets can not only survive extreme cold and heat conditions but can also survive when subjected to commonly available disinfectants. However, fitting such bio-toilets in coaches is technologically very challenging because it requires special technique of wielding to ensure the safety of the coach as it can not be compromised in any way.
Source..timesofindia

Railway Recruitment Board exam conducted peacefully

ALLAHABAD: The Railway Recruitment Board (RRB) examination was conducted successfully at numerous centres in the city on Sunday. About 36.3% candidates appeared in the examination which was conducted at Allahabad and Chandigarh.

There was heavy crowding of the candidates at Allahabad railway junction as they set out to return to their native places after appearing in the examination.

Talking to TOI, RRB chairman Sanjeev Mathur said about 17,940 candidates appeared in the first meeting of the examination in which 46,656 candidates were expected to participate. In the second meeting, about 17,166 candidates appeared in the examination out of the 46,656 candidates. Meanwhile, 11,224 candidates appeared at Chandigarh out of the total 35,136 candidates.

The written examination is being conducted for selecting candidates on the vacant posts of commercial clerk, accounts clerk, ticket examiner, junior clerk and train clerk.

There was heavy rush at the numerous examination centres right from the morning. Some of the candidates faced problems in going to centres which are located in the far-flung areas.

This examination is being conducted in three phases. The second phase and third phase of the examination will be conducted on September 22 and October 6.

Railway administration has made arrangements for ferrying the candidates. In this connection, two extra general coaches were attached to train number 12403/12404 Allahabad-Mathura Express and train number 11107/11108 Gwalior-Varanasi Bundelkhand Express.
Source.times of india.

Metro work: when law college developed a crack


Nearly a month before two century-old-churches developed cracks due to Metro Rail tunnelling work, it was the turn of the 114-year-old Madras Law College in N.S.C. Bose Road to face a similar situation. The crack has since been repaired.

The college located inside the Madras High Court complex has been classified as ‘Grade 1’ heritage structure by the Justice E. Padmanabhan Committee report which lists the heritage buildings in the city.

The construction of an underground Metro rail station is in progress near the college and this caused the crack in the building, said officials of Chennai Metro Rail Limited (CMRL).

“This could have happened during the construction of the diaphragm wall for the station. One of the main reasons for this occurrence could be the presence of loose soil that gave way and caused the crack,” said a CMRL official.

The crack was a minor one with less than 5mm width and it was repaired within 15 days, said officials of the college. “Experts inspected the site before the repair work was conducted,” he added.

In late July, the CSI Tamil Wesley Church and Arcot Lutheran Church in Prakasam Salai in Broadway had developed cracks The repair works of both these structures are underway. Experts of IIT-Madras who inspected these two churches said that the cracks in these two buildings may not severely affect them.

Officials of CMRL earlier told The Hindu that of the nearly 20-25 buildings of the 750 structures under which the tunnel boring machine (TBM) drilled through sported fresh cracks.
Source..the hindu

To decongest Metro stations, U-shaped lanes for auto-rickshaws



Auto-rickshaws blocking the entry-exit points, congestion, honking and complete chaos — it's a common sight outside all major Metro stations in the capital.

But soon it will become a thing of the past.

In a move to decongest the area outside key Metro stations, usually blocked by auto-rickshaws parked illegally, the Delhi Traffic Police has asked the Public Works Department (PWD) to construct U-shaped strips, or lanes, for auto-rickshaws at these stations and fix entry-exit points for them.

"It will be a U-shaped strip. Auto-rickshaws will enter the strip at a specific point, go behind the station, pick up passengers and exit from a fixed point. It will not only be convenient for passengers to board auto-rickshaws but will also decongest the area as auto-rickshaws will not occupy other road space," Additional Commissioner of Police (Traffic) Anil Shukla said. "In the new Metro stations that are coming up, this feature is part of the construction plan," he added.

For the project, the traffic police has identified 35 Metro stations. The move comes after a survey was conducted at 19 stations, including RK Ashram, AIIMS, INA, Inderlok and Kashmere Gate. It was observed that drivers usually park their auto-rickshaws outside the entry-exit points and block the way of moving traffic. Although the traffic police book these auto-rickshaws for illegal parking daily, the problem has only got worse outside the stations.

In order to lay out the special strips for auto-rickshaws, the PWD, along with the land-owning agency, will only have to carry out minor changes such as removing some dividers, levelling the land, closing or opening new gates and removing encroachments, police said.

A PWD official said, "The maintenance department is carrying out the project. It is a part of retrofitting work across Metro stations."

Source...indianexpress.

 

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