Oct 12, 2013

SNEAK PEEK INTO 160 GLORIOUS YEARS OF INDIAN RAILWAYS

East Central Railway (ECR) organised a photo exhibition at Bharatiya Nritya Kala Mandir to mark 160 years of Indian Railways and 11 years of ECR. The photo exhibition attracted a huge turnout from all over the country. It was a rare of its kind exhibition with each of the 250 photographs telling a tale of rich tradition of the Indian Railways.

Over 20,000 people visited the exhibition which concluded on Monday. The photographs from the year 1853 to the present day, including ECR’s 11 years of achievement and of important of projects undertaken by the zonal section were displayed.

The photographs displayed that the Indian Railways had enrolled elephants to use them in place of locomotives to push the coach or to take it in the yard for shunting purposes. One of the rare photographs shows the first ever journey of Indian Railways from Bori Bandar in Mumbai to Thane.

Besides, the photographs, depicting the Refugee Special Train of partition era in 1947, drew special attention. And, for the children a Circular Train’s photograph was the centre of attraction.

The other rare photographs which attracted the visitors towards the gallery were — various models of locomotives, coaches of passengers train upto the modern LHB Coaches Patna-Sonepur rail cum road bridge, Harnaut coach maintenance workshop, Chakra wheel factory. A tunnel of the year 1906 of Maharashtra, Saloon of Darbhanga Maharaj, steam engine bearing national anthem and many others.

“We’ve tried out best to hold an enriching photo exhibition of Indian Railways right from the beginning and the responses of the visitors have been more than satisfying. For the first time the visitors of the State and outsiders get an opportunity to know Indian Railways through photographs”, said Chief Public Relation Officer, ECR, Amitabh Prabhakar.

The unusual photographs of Mahatma Gandhi, Jawaharlal Nehru, Rajendra Prasad, Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose, Nizam of Hyderabad, Babu Jagjivan Ram Lord Linlithgow, Satyajit Ray, Rajiv Gandhi and many others on their journey with train also engrossed visitors to the exhibition till the last day.

“It was a thrilling and educative experience of its own kind. I’d never seen such a photo exhibition of Indian Railways earlier and such exhibitions must be held regularly by the Railways”, said Phankhudi Singh. People from Munger, Jamui, Bhaglapur, Kolkata and even from Kanpur visited the photo exhibition. On last day it was huge rush of the visitors which gives us immense satisfaction, said PRO, U K Jha.

SOURCE - daily pioneer

Indian Railways plans dollar bond after one-year lull




Mumbai: India’s state-owned train operator is returning to the international debt market after a year as borrowing costs fall from a 19-month high, setting the stage for the first offering from the country since July.
Indian Railway Finance Corp. Ltd (IRFC), the funding arm of Asia’s oldest rail network, has hired banks including HSBC Holdings Plc.and SBI Capital Markets Ltd to arrange meetings with investors for a foreign-currency bond sale, managing director Rajiv Datt said in a 27 September interview. The New Delhi-based company is also seeking an overseas loan, as ONGC Videsh Ltd has hired banks to arrange a $1.5 billion facility.
Indian Railways, which carries 23 million passengers every day, got approval from its board in August to borrow $1 billion abroad by March 2014, as it seeks to fund a $225 billion plan to upgrade the world’s third-biggest rail network. The average yield on Indian dollar debt dropped 62 basis points from a 5 September peak to 5.90%, JPMorgan Chase and Co. data show, after the US maintained stimulus that’s buoyed emerging markets. The rate on Chinese securities fell 32 basis points to 6.15%.
“Investors are of the opinion that uncertainties are behind us and soon risk appetite and liquidity will return to the markets,” Koen Vanderauwera, a bond fund manager at KBC Asset Management SA in Luxembourg, which holds more than $100 million of Indian corporate notes, said in a telephone interview on 4 October. “A borrower with strong fundamentals such as IRFC is in demand and would ride on the prevailing market sentiment.”
Bond drought
Businesses in Asia’s third-largest economy have deferred or scrapped dollar bond plans since Indian Oil Corp. Ltd’s $500 million issue in July until now as concern the US Federal Reserve will pare asset purchases triggered a fund flight from developing-nation assets. The country’s largest state refiner made last quarter’s sole offering, compared with $4.8 billion of sales in the prior period and $6.3 billion in the first three months of 2013, data compiled by Bloomberg show.
The average rate on local firms’ overseas debt jumped 92 basis points in August in the biggest increase since September 2011, according to the JPMorgan index. The yield on Indian Railway’s 3.417% dollar notes due October 2017, issued a year ago, surged to 5.10% on 5 September from 3.22% at the end of 2012, according to data compiled by Bloomberg. It has since declined to 4.45%.
The extra yield on emerging-market dollar bonds over US Treasuries has decreased to 328 basis points from this year’s high of 376 in June, according to JPMorgan data.
Positive outlook
“The spread contraction is an indication of the positive outlook and easing risk aversion after the Fed decision to maintain the pace of its debt buying,” Sergey Dergachev, Frankfurt-based senior portfolio manager at Union Investment Privatfonds, who manages $8.5 billion of emerging-market debt, said in a phone interview on 4 October. “We are anticipating an increased supply of debt from emerging markets in the short term and a significant contraction in spreads.
Overseas rates are retreating at a time when those at home are rising, making foreign capital attractive again.” Reserve Bank of India governor Raghuram Rajan unexpectedly boosted the benchmark repurchase rate on 20 September by 25 basis points, or 0.25 percentage point, to 7.5% in the first increase since 2011 to counter inflation. He cut the marginal standing facility rate to 9% from 9.5% on Monday to ease cash supply, the second reduction in less than a month, scaling back an emergency step taken in July to buoy the rupee.
Railway expansion
Top-rated five-year rupee company bonds pay 9.54%, data compiled by Bloomberg show. The average yield on Indian dollar debt is 5.9%, according to JPMorgan data. Ten-year local-currency government bonds in the country pay 8.48%, compared with 2.63% in the US and 3.97% in China, according to data compiled by Bloomberg.
Indian Railways is selling more debt to expand its 65,000-km (40,937 miles) network as the country steps up efforts to improve transport infrastructure that has thwarted steps to counter the worst economic slowdown in a decade.
The rail ministry has proposed investments of Rs.14 trillion by 2020 to expand and modernize its network. The plan will be funded via internal cash, borrowings and collaborations with companies, it said in a December 2009 document.
The nation, which has added an average of 180km of railroads every year since independence in 1947, plans to add 3,300km of freight railways by 2017. China aims to expand its network by 29,000km to 120,000km in the five years ending 2015.
Shrinking share
Indian Railways’ share of freight movement in the country has tumbled to 35% from 89% in 1951, as network expansion failed to keep pace with requirements and as surging highway construction boosted road haulage. The nation added about 50,000% of highways since 1999, according to the National Highways Authority of India.
“Emerging markets are unlikely to recover soon from last quarter’s rout as demand for riskier assets remains weak, according to Aquarius Investment Advisors Pte. Foreign funds will be wary of buying Indian bonds ahead of next year’s national election,” A.S. Thiyagarajan, a senior managing director at Aquarius Investment, which oversees about $300 million, said in a phone interview on Monday from Singapore.
While the rupee has rebounded almost 12 percent from a record low of 68.845 per dollar in August, Rajan doesn’t expect it to go back to levels before the Fed signalled in May its plan to cut stimulus, triggering outflows from developing nations. The currency rose 0.3% to 61.6350 per dollar on Tuesday, while the yield on the 7.16% government bond due 2023 slid 20 basis points to 8.48%.
‘Watch list’
Bond investors do not favour emerging markets, he said. Indian bonds are not at all in favour. While the rupee has definitely improved, nobody’s betting it is going to go to 55. Until elections, India will be on the watch list of investors.
Indian Railway’s bond-sale plan comes as the risk on Indian debt declines. Credit-default swaps insuring the bonds of State Bank of India, a proxy for the sovereign, against non-payment for five years have fallen 59 basis points from a 14-month high of 372 on 20 August, according to data provider CMA.
“Large public sector companies are looking to access the global bond markets and are timing their entry so that they can borrow at attractive levels,” S.J. Balesh, a Mumbai-based senior director at IDFC Ltd, said in a phone interview on Monday. The rally in Indian credit is also more driven by the fact that the tapering has been postponed by the Fed and issuers are looking at an opportune time to borrow.
Source - live mint

Revision in Menu and Rates for Rajdhani/Shatabdi/Duronto Trains with Effect from 17th October 2013


Revision in Menu & Tariff After 14 Years 
A New Concept of Combo Meal to be Introduced for First Time 


The Ministry of Railways has decided to revise the menu and rates forRajdhani/Shatabdi/Duronto trains with effect from 17th October, 2013. The Menu and tariff ofRajdhani/Shatabdi/Duronto trains is included in the ticket fare and have not been revised since 1999 whereas the cost of raw material, WPI, index cost of services have increased manifold. With a view to arrive at the realistic prices Committees had been nominated by the Board to recommend the revised rates. The committees have scientifically examined all aspects of costing keeping the objectives to provide hygiene and affordable meals to the travelling passengers on the premium trains. Based on the reports of the committee, the revised menu & tariff have been approved by the Competent Authority and notified.

Fixed cyclic menus of 5 menus sets indicating items and brands to be served for all classes of Rajdhani/Shatabdi/Duronto trains are to be notified so as to provide variety.

1AC (Rajdhani/Duronto trains)/Executive Class (Shatabdi trains): - It is proposed to reduce the rate of Morning Tea and Evening Tea by nearly 35% and 30% respectively while the rate of Breakfast, Lunch/Dinner is to be increased by nearly 35% and 15% respectively.

2AC/3AC (Rajdhani/Duronto trains)/AC Chair Car (Shatabdi trains): - It is proposed to reduce the rate of Morning Tea and Evening Tea by nearly 40% and 10% respectively while the rate of Breakfast, Lunch/Dinner is to be increased by nearly 65% and 50% respectively.

The impact on Lunch/Dinner/Breakfast rates will be an increase in the average range of Rs.25/- & Rs. 27/-.

A new concept of Combo Meal is being introduced as an every alternate meal onRajdhani/Duronto trains which has been priced at half the cost of the regular Lunch/Dinner so as to reduce wastage/excess items.

The decrease in rates is mainly due to deletion of items which were extra/ repetitive in nature (e.g. Éclairs, Tea bags, Fruit Juice etc.).

The increase of rates is due to increase of cost of raw material/ services and WPI as the rates were last revised 14 years back.

With the above revision the quality and variety of services are proposed to be improved. Further to ensure quality of services, following measures are underway:-

A Catering Service Monitoring Cell has been set up in Railway Board with toll free no. 1800111321 to redress the complaints from travelling passengers on real time basis.

Licensees has to set up state of art Base Kitchens on railway premises as far as possible by licensee so as to enable improved supervision and monitoring to improve the quality of food. Subsequently the Base kitchens are to be duly certified with valid ISO 22000:2005 certificate.

Stringent quality parameters like supply of branded products in hygienic condition. FPO/AGMARK approved items and compliance of instructions of Food Safety & Standard Authority of India (FSSAI) are to be made mandatory.

Provision for external audit (Third Party Audit) by reputed and independent agency appointed by zonal railways to undertake audit of quality of services periodically to ensure the quality has been made mandatory.

 

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